Karate, an indigenous Okinawan art, was not introduced to Japan until 1917, but was accepted until 1922. It was introduced to Hawaii in the 1930s and later to the US (Phoenix, Arizona) in 1946. Prior to its introduction to Japan, karate was not practiced as sport.
At the Arizona Hombu dojo in the East Valley of Phoenix, adults and families of the Seiyo Kai Shorin-Ryu Hombu dojo train in traditional Okinawa karate and kobudo several nights a week. The karate and kobudo are taught as a weapon of self-defense - no as a sport.
|Sensei Paula Borea (3rd dan) defends attack by Sensei Bill Borea (3rd dan)|
using her kuwa during kobudo class at the Arizona Hombu martial arts school.